James HegartyComputer Science Ph.D.
|An Implementation of Quad-Fragment Merging for Micropolygon Rendering
Undergraduate Thesis, 2010
Current graphics cards (GPUs) shade small polygons inefficiently. When surfaces are represented using micropolygons of less than a pixel in size, many shading computations performed by a GPU are redundant. Since shading is typically the most expensive operation in a graphics pipeline, this leads to poor rendering performance. This thesis presents a prototype implementation of quad-fragment merging, which reduces redundant shading work by buffering and selectively merging rasterized fragments prior to shading. The prototype quad-fragment merger is described in detail, and evidence is presented that it is amenable to implementation in fixed-function hardware. Performance results indicate that our implementation decreases shader executions by a factor of eight when rendering micropolygons, and effectively makes use of a number of optimizations to yield high performance. Finally, an early prototype of a corollary technique that shades scenes with motion blur is described, and preliminary results are presented.
|Reducing Shading on GPUs using Quad-Fragment Merging
Kayvon Fatahalian, Solomon Boulos, James Hegarty, Kurt Akeley, William R. Mark, Henry Moreton and Pat Hanrahan
In Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 2010
Current GPUs perform a significant amount of redundant shading when surfaces are tessellated into small triangles. We address this inefficiency by augmenting the GPU pipeline to gather and merge rasterized fragments from adjacent triangles in a mesh. This approach has minimal impact on output image quality, is amenable to implementation in fixed-function hardware, and, when rendering pixel-sized triangles, requires only a small amount of buffering to reduce overall pipeline shading work by a factor of eight. We find that a fragment-shading pipeline with this optimization is competitive with the REYES pipeline approach of shading at micropolygon vertices and, in cases of complex occlusion, can perform up to two times less shading work.